Theory -of- planning is concerned with the process by which decisions are taken.
All of those three domination types represent an example of his ideal type concept. Weber noted that in history those ideal types of domination are always found in combinations.
In traditional authority, the legitimacy of the authority comes from tradition. Charismatic authority is legitimized by the personality and leadership qualities of the ruling individual. Finally, rational-legal authority derives its powers from the system of bureaucracy and legality.
Legal rationality and legitimate authority[ edit ] Under rational-legal authority, legitimacy is seen as coming from a legal order and the laws that have been enacted in it see also natural law and legal positivism.
Weber defined legal order as a system where the rules are enacted and obeyed as legitimate because they are in line with other laws on how they can be enacted and how they should be obeyed.
Further, they are enforced by a government that monopolizes their enactment and the legitimate use of physical force.
If society, as a whole, approves the exercise of the power in a certain way, then the power is considered "legitimate authority". An example of this type of authority would be the viewing of a police car in our rear view mirrors. Each of these authorities have their own unique complex societies that have evolved from simple definitions.
This authority is liked by many individuals because of two main reasons: Traditional authority is based on a tradition or custom that is followed by the traditional leaders.
In traditional authority, status is a key concept. There are no requirements to serving a traditional leader but there are no salaries. The consequences to traditional authority are discouragement of education and rational calculation. Traditional authority consists of a dominant profile, one who embodies tradition and rule.
This type of leadership exemplifies the power to construct order.
This type of authority has the confidence to leave the right of leaders to undertake the decisions and set the policy. Rational-legal authority is the bases of modern democracies. Examples of this type of authority: Rational-legal authority is built on a structure of bureaucracy.
In a rational-legal authority one ascends in their career paths through promotion and they eventually retire. Some of the benefits of rational-legal authority are transportation, large-scale industry, mass communication and an income economy.
Other outcomes of rational-legal authority are tendencies towards equal opportunity and a promotion of education. Rational-legal authority requires a logical and systematic approach to leadership. Certain individuals are influential to others with their unique qualities which help them gain followers.
The "charismatic" individuals exercise power and authority over a whole society or even a specific group of within a bigger society.
The exercise of their power of these individuals are either for good or bad. Examples of these charismatic leaders can range from: Charismatic authority has no clear structure. One is chosen to be staff by their charismatic characteristics.
Someone under a charismatic authority lives under gifts not salary. As long as someone has influence they will be a legitimate power. In charismatic authority, confidence is the driving force for leadership. With charismatic authority leadership has the ability to connect distinct groups and lead them to the finish line.
Emergence of the modern state[ edit ] Weber wrote that the modern state based on rational-legal authority emerged from the patrimonial and feudal struggle for power see traditional authority uniquely in the Occidental civilization.
The prerequisites for the modern Western state are: Monopolization by central authority of the means of administration and control based on a centralized and stable system of taxation and use of physical force Monopolization of legislative Organisation of an officialdom, dependent upon the central authority Weber argued that some of those attributes have existed in various time or places, but together they existed only in Occidental civilization.
The conditions that favoured this were Emergence of rational-legal rationality various status groups in the Occident promoted that emergence Emergence of modern officialdom bureaucracywhich required Development of the money economy, where officials are compensated in money instead of kind usually land grants Quantitative and qualitative expansion of administrative tasks Centralization and increased efficiency of administration.
Modern state[ edit ] According to Max Weber, a modern state exists where a political community has: The vast majority of the modern states from the 20th century onward fall under the rational-legal authority category.RATIONAL- LEGAL AUTHORITY Rational-legal authority (also known as rational authority, legal authority, rational domination, legal domination, or bureaucratic authority) is a form of leadership in which the authority of an organization or a ruling regime is largely tied to legal rationality, legal legitimacy and bureaucracy.
There are three key theoretical perspectives of organizations: rational, natural and open systems. Understanding these different perspectives is critical because each . Question: According to max Weber, legal rational authority is the most rational type of authority. Do you agree with this statement?
Give reasons for your answer. The aim of essay is to discuss legal rational authority commonly known as bureacracy. According to the bureaucratic theory of Max Weber, three types of power can be found in organizations; traditional power, charismatic power and legal yunusemremert.com refers in his bureaucratic theory to the latter as a bureaucracy.
All aspects of a democracy are organised on the basis of rules and laws, making the principle of established jurisdiction prevail. Index Organizational Theory and Behavior © , David S.
Walonick, Ph.D. Classical Organization Theory. Classical organization theory evolved during the first half. Rational-legal authority (also known as rational authority, legal authority, rational domination, legal domination, or bureaucratic authority) is a form of leadership in which the authority of an organization or a ruling regime is largely tied to legal rationality, legal legitimacy and yunusemremert.com majority of the modern states of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries are rational-legal.